This might look easy, …
but the constraints led approach in coaching is a lot of preparation and a lot of knowledge about learning principles.
In this videos, Mark Upton and colleagues talk about creating an instability in the learner and the advantages of implicit learning.
drowningintheshallow – Educational Blog with a focus on PE and Sport
Nonlinear pedagogy in coaching tennis. Another constraints led drill. This time to improve the precision of your service and to confront the returner with differing situations in a game situation. Serving through the „middle“ is an important skill for doubles.
Nonlineare Pädagogik im Tennistraining. Ein weiterer durch Einschränkungen manipulierter Trainingsdrill zur Verbesserung und Erweiterung der Bewegungs-, Technik- und Taktikoptionen. Ziele: Verbesserung der Auschlagspräzision und Konfrontation des Rückschlägers mit veränderten Rahmenbedingungen in Spielsituationen. Der Aufschlag durch die MItte ist eine wichtige Fähigkeit für das Doppelspiel.
There are very good discussions in some facebook groups about non linear (implicit) and linear (explicit) coaching in tennis. While we have a lot of studies about implicit learning in sports like basketball, cricket and volleyball, there is still a lack of targeted research in tennis. At the same time accustomed truths beginn to waver. Methodical traditionalism with clear statement to „technique coaching first“ is no more the only way to coach, yes it is heavily critisized. Action approach and game based learning are essential elements in the Play and Stay concept of the ITF and of national tennis associations all over the world with changing constraints like balls, fields, rackets, rules and more. But there is coming up a confrontation between the representatives of a „both is possible“ and those who plead for the purity of implicit learning.
In any case there are some clues that indicate the need to overthink traditional explicit coaching that has a primarly focus on the players technique. Facebook groups in good discussions weiterlesen
Constraints led coaching: modify court-size.
(This drill is created by Chris Koehler, TMS Coach)
A and B play rallies. The size of court is modified (picture). This makes a difference and forces both players to a modified view on the game and on tactic.
You can play matches in the violet court or in the yellow court (advanced players). Picture 1 is for warm-up in the service-fields.
Players are forced to to overthink their strategies. Peace of cake 2 weiterlesen
Shaun Sharp born in Heidelberg, Australia ;-), working as tennis coach at the Meehan Tennis Academy in Melbourne, Australia, describes an implicit drill do improve and develop the service:
„I’ve been doing a serving drill where players serve from various positions in court, to varying targets….normally not to service boxes, and allow the students to work out how to serve ball to each target….
Via exploration and some visual or verbal instruction the students are able to discover how to best achieve the goal that is set.
It enables the kids to practice the flat serve, slice serve and kick serve without any explicit instructions….and kids are able to solve the motor problems themselves.“
In 2007 Machar Reid, Miguel Crespo and Brandon Lay wrote an article on the acquisition of tennis skills in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, in which they reviewed the state of research and current practice. They come to the conclusion, that implicit learning brings better results but a differential view on the implicit approach is necessary. This is in one point due to the fact that there can be no pure implicit learning. To rely exclusively on liberate play leads in the long term to unfavorable skills and limited tactical creativity. The frames of implicit skill acquisation weiterlesen
A player has problems with the ballthrow. She always has one ball in her hand, and the second ball is in the pants/skirts pocket.
The idea of the coach is, that too many joints are used throwing the ball: fingers, wrist, elbow, shoulder. That makes the control of the ball throw more difficult. Under an internal focus, the player observes, according to the coach’s instructions, to let the arm stretched. However, in several studies on external focus and implicit learning, the authors conclude that an external focus is more helpful and implicit learning is more effective and sustainable. Serving and controlling ball throw weiterlesen
A drill to improve footwork, groundstroke skills, executive functions and more. Using implicit learning. Developed by Frercks Hartwig and Chris Köhler.
In our view, for successful competitors it makes a difference, if we work in practice with explicit technical instructions or whether we „develop“ a suitable technique with the player on implicit tasks!
So far we have drawn attention to the benefits of individual and creative problem solving and the sustainability of a player on implicit technology development.
In our view, there is a more significant difference, which speaks for the implicit method. In the explicit teaching methodology the player learns the technique of a stroke from the perspective of the coach (and out of textbooks), which is connected to certain predetermined sequences (backswing, impact movement, movement to the ball, ….). Surely, there are more open and closer interpretations by explicitly working coaches. The psychological consequences of explicit learning weiterlesen