Matt Kuzdub on internal/external focus in tennis coaching
In this article Nick Winkelman is talking about science of coaching and using new scientific knowledge in developing skills in sports. He gives an overview about constraints led coaching, the advantage of external focus, differencial learning and optimizing the transfer from pratice to the game. As we already know 😉 this implicits a new communication between player and coach.
Winkelmann is the head of athletic performance & science for the Irish Rugby Football Union. Prior to working for Irish Rugby, Nick was the director of education for EXOS (formerly Athletes’ Performance), located in Phoenix, AZ. As a performance coach, Nick oversaw the speed and assessment component of the EXOS NFL Combine Development Program. Nick has also supported many athletes in the NFL, MLB, NBA, National Sport Organizations and Military. Nick is an internationally recognized speaker on human performance and coaching science, and has multiple publications through the UKSCA, NSCA and IDEA Health and Fitness.
A player has problems with the ballthrow. She always has one ball in her hand, and the second ball is in the pants/skirts pocket.
The idea of the coach is, that too many joints are used throwing the ball: fingers, wrist, elbow, shoulder. That makes the control of the ball throw more difficult. Under an internal focus, the player observes, according to the coach’s instructions, to let the arm stretched. However, in several studies on external focus and implicit learning, the authors conclude that an external focus is more helpful and implicit learning is more effective and sustainable. Serving and controlling ball throw weiterlesen
This is science and evidence based coaching. In this exercise Tomaz Mencinger is using metaphors how we use them in implicit learning (Rich Masters). And he is working with an external focus on ball, racket and effects (Gabriele Wulf).
Noch ein Drill zum „Training exekutiver Funktionen“ und mit „externem Fokus“ (Spiel auf Ziele). Prima kombinierbar mit Drills aus dem Differentiellen Lernen und deshalb ein typischer „Inner Coaching (TMS)-Drill“! Leider nur mit zwei Spieler_innen auf einem Spielfeld durchführbar.
Another Drill to train „executive functions“ and with „external focus“ (targets). Drill can be combined with drills from differential learning and so it is a typical INNER COACHING (TMS) – Drill. Unfortunately only for two players.
by Ricardo Hadler, Suzete Chiviacowsky, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil; Gabriele Wulf, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA; José Francisco Gomes Schild, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
Here is a new variation of the Inner Coaching Drill „Targets„:
Set different coloured marks on the courtside of player B. The blue one in the deuce-court, the yellow one in the add-court, in the near of the baseline. Mark a line on the other courtside, one big step from the baseline, so that you have a targetfield between baseline and the marked line.
Player B has to play the ball into the targetfield. Player A plays his ball in the near of the announced coloured targets.
The coach announces where A „Targets“ – new drill weiterlesen
Ein weiterer Inner Coaching Drill für Beginner und Pros mit externem Fokus (Ball) und der „Konzentration auf das Wesentliche“: Malen Sie auf einen Tennisball einen fröhlichen Smiley. Die Trainingspartner_innen spielen Ballwechsel von der T-Linie. Aufgabe: „Beobachtet den Ball, wenn er auf Euch zu, bzw. wegfliegt. Könnt Ihr dabei das Gesicht erkennen?“
Another Inner Coaching drill for beginners and pros with external focus and „concentration on the essentials„: Paint a happy face on a tennis ball. Play rallies with your partner from the serviceline. Task: „Watch the ball when it comes to you, or flies away Can you see the face?“
If your ball flies after your hit over the net, then name the distance to the net to within 10 cm. Stay consistent!
This exercise contains all the elements of an inner coaching drill:
- more external focus (distance to net)
- Focusing on the essentials
- internal feedback (loud naming the distance)