Great book about Tennis psychology with a lot of drills. Most of them can be used in a constraints led approach. The following drill sets constraints by changing the rules for counting points. (Miguel Crespo, Machar Reid: Tennis Psychology, 200 + practical drills and the latest research. London 2006)
Players play points from the baseline:
-the first point played counts as 1 point
-the second and third point count as 2 points each
-the fourth and fifth point count as 3 points each
-the sixth and the seventh point count as 4 points each
-the eighth and ninth points played count as 5 points each
-the tenth point played counts as 6 points.
Players play 2 sets of 10 points. The same player serves throughout the set.
Changing indivual constraints by coping with emotions:
Very often, especially young players are not able to deal with being behind in the score. They let their heads hang down and give up. In this game the player’s emotion is manipulated. Both players dice before the match. The result of their dices is the current score.
Variations: play up to 10 points, ball is played in by the coach; always on the same player; on the player who is behind in the score; play with service; play a matchtiebreak, starting with the dice score; play a set to six, starting with the dice score…
This is an INNER COACHING Drill to give the player a feeling about playing the ball by stepping into the stroke. Using the mark as an external focus, we have the concentration on the essentials and an implicit learning and a better selfawareness without giving technical instructions.
Das Arbeitsgedächtnis, die Inhibition (Hemmung von Verhaltensweisen) und die kognitive Flexibilität lassen sich auch im Tennistraining verbessern. Das sind sogenannte „exekutive Funktionen“. Deren Verbesserung hilft bei der Entwicklung der „Spielintelligenz“ und hat eine positive Auswirkung auf die außersportlichen Lernleistungen!
Die folgende Übung lenkt außerdem die Aufmerksamkeit weg vom Nachdenken über die Bewegung (trick the mind).