In this article Nick Winkelman is talking about science of coaching and using new scientific knowledge in developing skills in sports. He gives an overview about constraints led coaching, the advantage of external focus, differencial learning and optimizing the transfer from pratice to the game. As we already know 😉 this implicits a new communication between player and coach.
Winkelmann is the head of athletic performance & science for the Irish Rugby Football Union. Prior to working for Irish Rugby, Nick was the director of education for EXOS (formerly Athletes’ Performance), located in Phoenix, AZ. As a performance coach, Nick oversaw the speed and assessment component of the EXOS NFL Combine Development Program. Nick has also supported many athletes in the NFL, MLB, NBA, National Sport Organizations and Military. Nick is an internationally recognized speaker on human performance and coaching science, and has multiple publications through the UKSCA, NSCA and IDEA Health and Fitness.
„Don’t just be proud of practice, but look at how practice and training actually transfers to the field. If you’re making baseball players faster, does it actually result in more stolen bases? If you’re making golf players stronger, can they actually drive the ball farther and more accurately when they’re on the golf course?“
This link leads to a presentation by Nick Winkelmann with objects about coaching in running. Using goals, errors, constraints, external focus, contextual interference and differencial learning:
Discuss a technical model for sprinting from a dynamic
Discuss an error model for sprinting from a dynamic systems
Discuss a constrain-based coaching model with emphasis placed on instruction/feedback and practice design
You have walked only on all fours and now you want to learn to walk on two legs? Then you could proceed like this:
You are looking for a straight line on level ground and a target you want to go to (see graphic) and now you always go from a starting point to a destination point and so on.
Different learning seems the best way to learn tennis. in closed situations, like the service, there are a lot of ideas, but they are not complete. Shaun Sharp, tennis coach in the Meehan Tennis Academy in Melbourne has developed and experienced with drills that are based on serving from different positions and different targets.
This is a post by the engaged coach and friend of mine Dimitrios Katsanos, coaching tennis in Berlin. He describes what already Björn Borg postulated, being one of the best tennisplayers in the world in the 80s. It is a plea for „natural learning“ and meanwhile it is a confirmation for evidence based coaching. Wolfgang Schöllhorn and other scientists have shown, that implicit/differencial learning is essential for effective learning and creativity in the players game.
Differencial learning (DL) in tennis. DL is essential to INNER COACHING (TMS). Science and evidence based.
This is a drill to improve the tennis forehand. The method is differencial and includes tactical variation. Right-handed player holds an object in his left hand and has to step around a mark after every hit. She is playing the ball with the forehand inside-out. Coach can set a target in the opponents field. Differencial learning means to avoid repetition, to use variations and provoke fluctuations.
„The fact is, repeated information does not receive the same amount of processing as new information,“ Carter said. „And on some level, we all know this. Constant repetition is boring and our boredom is telling us that our brains are not engaged.“ (Sam Weinman)