Following the principles of differential learning and the constraints led approach, we can change the constraints without repeating them the next practice. Regular variation without repetition and the trust in new studies about motor learning gives the coaches and the players more than a handful of various drills. This one is about changing constraints by starting from unusual points in the tennis field. This requires adaptation to all players and opens doors to new solutions of game situations.
Playing the game with rules outside the rules brings players in a situation where they have to solve problems outside the manifested behaviour. We can manipulate court size, rules, time, counting, context of the game and other settings surrounding the game. This improves tactics and skills. In this double drill players have to adapt the direction of the service, the return in a double, the netplay and particularly in the teamwork collusion between server and netplayer.
Another Inner Coaching drill, using differencial learning and constraints led approach to develop tactics and necessary skills.
On my blog about „new ways of coaching“, I’m talking about non-direct or non-linear pedagogy. But what would be life and science without doubt? This is the link to a text, where Paul Kirschner asks what happened to direct and explicit instructions. He pleads for a wider range in teaching methods and an end to demonization of direct instruction.
Interview in der Südwest-Presse mit TMS Coach Frercks Hartwig über Neue Wege im Tennistraining.
Die Fabel vom Frosch. The fable of the frog.
Es war einmal der Wettlauf der Frösche…
Das Ziel war es, auf die Spitze eines hohen Turms zu gelangen. Es versammelten sich viele andere Frösche, um zuzusehen und ihre Artgenossen anzufeuern. Der Wettlauf begann.
In Wirklichkeit glaubte keiner von den Zuschauern daran, dass auch nur ein Frosch auf die Spitze des Turmes gelangen könnte, und alles was man hörte, waren Sätze wie: „Die Armen! Sie werden es nie schaffen!“Die Fabel vom Frosch weiterlesen
Many pros tend to confuse … by assuming that when the player cannot make solid contact with the ball, it is because of lack of proper stroke technique. They give instructions related to the movement of the racquet and where the motion should end. As a result, they sacrifice player’s coordination and ability to make contact with the ball. I have seen many students who know all the “proper strokes technique” but the percentage in which they make a solid contact is very low. Read more
This is from Nick Jacques Tennis. Nice ideas for a constraints led approach (CLA). This already shows the difference between CLA and differential learning (DL). In the CLA the intention and the plan for the development of the skills is an idea of the coach („avoiding backswing“). In a DL approach the coach also offers different situations (like those in this video). But the solution is in the responsibility of the player, not in the responsibility of the coach!
Both approaches are implicit, but there is an important difference in the attitude to the learning athlet. While the coach in the CLA drill has a goal (backswing), the DL coach knows and intends nothing. The system „player“ is a black box and there is no expectation in the long term development of individual skills. The examples in Nicks CLA are in DL only one possible solution for the motion and will not be repeated.
Thx to Nick for the nice ideas ?. I love his quote: „I have no influence over this as I am still with very little noise from me.“
“ 3 constraint led approach drills that have helped reduce the size of my students take back. Lillian has previously been taught a large loop on her take back which has isolated her upper body from her lower body, making it very hard for her to adapt to the many different balls she would need to cope with in a match situation. Lillian has made great improvements on her coordination, here are a few key exercises that have helped her progress. Note how Lillian is intrinsically motivated as the exercises engages her and draws out the effort, you can see I have no influence over this as I am still with very little noise from me ? „